Gynecomastia or male breast reduction

Gynaecomastia refers to as enlarge or excess breast tissue in the male. This condition not also lead to feminism in male but also lead to emotional distress besides painful sometimes. People usually avoid outdoor games, swimming, and avoid fashionable clothes due to enlarging breast tissue. Enlarge male breasts usually found during after birth, during adolescence, and during old age due to hormonal imbalance but usually disappear after some time. The persistence of enlarging breast tissue for more than two years requires surgical correction. Many factors lead to enlarged breast tissue such as obesity, hormonal imbalance, medication, an endocrine disorder, steroids besides idiopathic in most cases.

Three type of gynaecomastia –

  1. Glandular type  – consist of glandular tissue mainly
  2. Fatty type – consist of fatty tissue mainly
  3. Mixed type – consist of fatty and glandular tissue both

    Surgical correction includes removal of tissue by either liposuction or surgical excision by a well-hidden periareolar small incision. Surgical correction not only leads to getting rid of emotional distress but also restore the masculine character and symmetric chest contour.

     

    KEYPOINT –

    Anaesthesia – General or local with sedation

    Duration of surgery – 1 to 2 hour

    Discharge from the hospital – Same day or next day

    Stitches – On 7th day

    Scar – No or well hidden

    Return to work – 3-5 day

    Complication – Minimal with bruising, swelling, numbness

    Aftercare – need to wear a pressure garment for one month